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What Do ECR and Non-ECR in an Indian Passport Imply?

Are you confused between an ECR and an ECNR passport? Learn your entire thread to study extra! Everytime you wish to journey in a foreign country, the very first thing that involves thoughts is a passport. It’s a doc issued by the federal government in an effort to certify the identification and nationality of the holder. Additionally, passports are issued relying on age, instructional {qualifications}, and lots of different elements. It’s a essential journey doc and it’s much more vital to know in regards to the two classes of Indian passport.

The first page of an Indian passport
Picture Credit: Google Photos

There are two classes of Indian passport as per the Indian Emigration Act 1983. To study extra in regards to the varieties and varied paperwork required to use, maintain studying.

  1. ECR
  2. Non-ECR

1. ECR

ECR stands for Emigration Clearance Required. If the applicant hasn’t handed their tenth grade or doesn’t have certificates for a similar, they have to bear emigration examine. It’s launched in an effort to present freedom of labor for individuals who wish to work in different international locations like Iran, UAE, Indonesia and so on. It’s mentioned that the Indian residents who’re having low instructional {qualifications} are subjected to home violence in international international locations. So, the Authorities of India has launched very strict norms to safeguard Indians dwelling overseas and assist them overcome such conditions.

Who can apply for ECR passport?

If the passport applicant has not accomplished his tenth grade or has accomplished however doesn’t have all the required paperwork for SSC and youngsters underneath the 15 years of age get ECR passport by default. And, Indians who’re travelling to any international nation on a visa apart from job or employment visa can even apply underneath the ECR class by opting the ECR possibility whereas filling out the Passport on-line software kind.

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Nations which require clearance

There’s a checklist of 17 international locations that want emigration clearance from the Protector of Emigrants (POE), Ministry of Abroad Indian Affairs. The international locations are Afghanistan, Bahrain, Iraq, Indonesia, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Jordan, Libya, Lebanon, Malaysia, Oman, Qatar, Sudan, Syria, Thailand, the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Yemen. If you’re an ECR passport holder and touring to any of the above-mentioned international locations on an employment visa, it’s worthwhile to clear emigration emigrate to that nation. For some other visa kind, you needn’t bear the Emigration Clearance. You possibly can simply present your legitimate ECR passport, the tickets, and a sound visa on the immigration counter and get entry on the airport.

A group of people waiting for immigration check
Picture Credit: Google Photos

Paperwork to be submitted within the Passport Workplace

The necessary paperwork that it’s worthwhile to submit embrace legitimate deal with proofs, annexures (if required) and any emergency proofs (if required). The above-mentioned paperwork are should whereas making use of for ECR passport to be sure you adhere to the Indian authorities insurance policies and pointers. Academic qualification certificates isn’t necessary for getting ECR Passport. Nevertheless, you possibly can have it as an extra doc.

2. Non-ECR (ECNR)

Non-ECR stands for Emigration Clearance Not Required (ECNR). That is for people who find themselves educationally certified and wish to journey for any enterprise or journey functions. ECNR passport holders can journey anyplace on the earth with out the necessity for emigration. Indian residents who’ve handed their tenth grade can get the ECNR and there shall be no must clear emigration on the counter. Even you probably have accomplished your SSLC and nonetheless would not have certificates, you’ll fall underneath the ECR class.

Who can apply for ECNR/Non-ECR Passport

Passport candidates who’re having the necessary instructional qualification certificates of the secondary college are eligible to get ECNR Passport by default. In case the applicant notably doesn’t want ECNR, they’ll go for different choices whereas making use of for passport on-line.


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ECR vs Non-ECR Passport : Main Variations

  • ECR (Emigration Test Required) Passport: For sure international locations, clearance from the Protector of Emigrants is required.
  • Non-ECR Passport: No emigration clearance required.

Emigration Clearance:

  • ECR Passport holders should receive clearance earlier than touring to particular international locations.
  • Non-ECR passport holders can journey with out acquiring emigration clearance.


  • ECR standing is usually assigned based mostly on instructional {qualifications} and job classes.
  • Non-ECR standing is usually granted to people who meet particular standards, exempting them from emigration checks.


  • ECR Passport holders could also be required to supply further documentation for emigration clearance.
  • Non-ECR Passport holders have fewer documentation necessities.


  • ECR is primarily meant to guard Indian staff touring to international locations with labor-related points.
  • Non-ECR is for folks touring to international locations the place emigration checks aren’t required.

Nations Affected:

  • In response to the Indian authorities, ECR is simply relevant to sure international locations.
  • Non-ECR applies to international locations that don’t fall underneath the ECR class.

Circumstances for making use of underneath ECNR class

Beneath are the classes that come underneath ECNR/ Non-ECR by default:

  • Indians whose training qualification is above tenth grade and have all the required paperwork
  • People of fifty years of age and above
  • Individuals who maintain a Diploma in Polytechnic from any acknowledged institute
  • People who’ve spent three years abroad
  • Individuals who maintain a Diploma in Nursing underneath the Indian Nursing Council Act-1947
  • Gazetted Authorities officers, their spouses and youngsters
  • Individuals who maintain visas for everlasting immigration/resident visas for the US, the UK, and Australia
  • Official and Diplomatic passport holders
  • Revenue taxpayers (together with agricultural revenue taxpayers), their spouses and youngsters (underneath 18 years)
A picture of Diplomatic Indian passport
Picture Credit: Google Photos

Which international locations settle for ECNR Passport?

Not each nation will demand an emigration certificates. Nearly all of the international locations will enable ECNR passport holders with none emigration clearance. Furthermore, people visiting on all different visa varieties (together with vacationer, job, medical, examine, enterprise) are allowed on the immigration counters within the airport.

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Paperwork to be submitted within the Passport workplace

For making use of for ECNR passport, it’s worthwhile to submit all necessary deal with proofs with annexures (if required) and likewise any emergency proofs (if required) within the Passport workplace. Academic qualification certificates can also be necessary in case you are making use of for ECNR Passport.


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Can you exchange your ECR passport into Non-ECR?

Sure, you possibly can convert your ECR passport right into a non-ECR one. Take a look on the beneath eventualities to knwo extra:

  • In case of any change that has occurred within the lifetime of an individual in connection to their age, training, marital standing, and so on., which makes them certified to vary the class from ECR to non-ECR.
  • There have been circumstances the place the candidates at first utilized for an ECR passport with out consciousness, regardless that they have been eligible to get an ECNR. Due to this, they must bear an emigration examine each time they journey.
  • Because the means of emigration clearance isn’t really easy and the certificates issuance is completely depending on the immigration officers, ECR passport holders who’re touring for job alternatives overseas shall be affected. Nevertheless, to beat such eventualities, the Ministry of Exterior Affairs permits altering an ECR passport to an ECNR passport if the passport holder meets sure necessities.

How do you exchange your ECR passport into ECNR?

If you’re eligible for ECNR class however have ECR passport at the moment, it’s simple so that you can convert it into ECNR. As soon as you might be certain, apply for the deletion of ECR standing. After which, you’ll have to undergo your entire means of making use of for a recent passport. You’ll obtain the revised passport when you meet all the necessities.

Additionally Learn: New Visa Guidelines in 2023


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FAQs on ECR & non-ECR

Q: What’s the foremost distinction between ECR and nonECR passports?
A: ECR passports require emigration clearance for sure international locations, whereas nonECR passports don’t necessitate such clearance.

Q: How is the ECR standing decided?
A: ECR standing is usually based mostly on instructional {qualifications} and particular job classes.

Q: Do all international locations require emigration clearance for ECR passport holders?
A: No, emigration clearance is required just for particular international locations as designated by the Indian authorities.

Q: Can I convert my ECR passport to a nonECR passport?
A: The conversion course of will depend on eligibility standards; sure people could also be eligible to transform their ECR standing.

Q: What paperwork are wanted for emigration clearance with an ECR passport?
A: Further paperwork, reminiscent of employment contracts, could also be required for emigration clearance with an ECR passport.

Q: Is there an age restrict for ECR standing?
A: ECR standing is usually agedependent; people above a sure age could also be exempt from ECR necessities.

Q: Are there any advantages to having a nonECR passport?
A: NonECR passport holders typically face fewer documentation necessities and may journey to a broader vary of nations with out emigration clearance.

Q: Can I journey to ECR international locations with a nonECR passport?
A: Sure, a nonECR passport permits for journey to international locations not falling underneath the ECR class with out the necessity for emigration clearance.

Q: How usually does the checklist of ECR international locations get up to date?
A: The checklist of ECR international locations could also be periodically up to date by the Indian authorities; candidates ought to keep knowledgeable in regards to the newest data.

Q: Can I examine the ECR standing of my passport on-line?
A: Sure, the ECR standing of a passport may be checked on-line by the official authorities portal.

I hope you should have understood the necessities of the 2 classes of Indian passport and the way the method of software works. There may be nothing to fret in case you are carrying an ECR passport now and trying to find job alternatives overseas. Since you now know how one can convert it to ECNR. Now that you recognize all of your passport hacks, you might be one step nearer to kickstarting your world journey. Take a look at the most effective worldwide tour packages to your dream vacation spot on the web site of Pickyourtrail.

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